Estación Central de Investigaciones de Café y Cacao (ECICC)
Estación Central de Investigaciones de Café y Cacao (Central Research Station of Coffee and Cocoa) also known as the ECICC is located in Cuba. The ECICC is an institution that develops scientific research with the purpose of recuperating the Cuban coffee plantations.
The research consists primarily of scientific and technological innovations that improve the condition of the Cuban coffee producer. Amongst the research is the grafting of coffee as an alternative to combat the damaging effects of nematodes that exist in more than 70% of cultivated soils and significantly affect coffee production in all of the companies in the province. There 11 research projects in total, developing within the institution.
The ECICC develops a group of technologies that are made available to producers. An example of this is the coffee interspecific graft, which enables the development of the Arabica coffee species – of the best quality and market value- in those areas that are infected by nematode. The institution also produces mycorrhizae, a biofertiliser for coffee seedlings that avoids the use of phosphate fertilisers, which is damaging for the environment. This method reduces the percentage of organic material that is used for filling bags in the nurseries.
The ECICC also created a laboratory for the production of organisms that when integrated with the seed drill, helps with the threatened coffee growing in the Greater Antilles. The institution will also introduce a group of technologies that will improve the production of the Robusta coffee. Currently, it has a variety of Robusta coffee that was cloned because of its characteristics of high performance. This variety of coffee is mainly used for domestic consumption.