Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG)
In June 1938 the Gold Coast Department of Agriculture established the Central Cocoa Research Station at Tafo to investigate problems of diseases and pests which had considerably reduced cocoa production. In 1944 it became the West African Cocoa Research Institute (WACRI) with a sub-station in Ibadan, Nigeria, and some research activities undertaken in Sierra Leone. After the attainment of independence by Ghana and Nigeria, WACRI was dissolved, and the Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) and the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN) were formed in its place. CRIG was administered by the National Research Council, which was later replaced by the Ghana Academy of Sciences and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).
Afterwards, the objectives of the Institute were expanded and tree crops that produced fats similar to cocoa butter were introduced. CRIG initiated research into cocoa by-products in mid-1965, by setting up a committee of experts, with representatives from the University of Ghana, to identify by-products that could be produced from cocoa. In 1993, the Ghana Cocoa Board transferred to CRIG three large cocoa plantations to supplement cocoa production on CRIG‘s experimental farms at Tafo, Afosu and Bunso, and to aid by-products research.
Some achievements of CRIG are the production of pectin, alcohol and alcoholic beverages, animal feed, jelly, soap and cosmetics as by-products from cocoa wastes, development of agronomic packages that guarantee high yields and good quality cashew nuts and the Institute has won several awards for research achievements both at local level and at International Fairs.
In October of last year, CRIG spearheaded a project with the Ghana Cocoa Board that distributed a total of 5, 548,052 improved cocoa seedlings to farmers in the Ashanti Region as part of a strategy to boost crop production. This project brought together chief farmers, extension offices and officials from the Forestry Commission to discuss ways of boosting crop yield and returns.